3D LiDAR Map Compression for Efficient Localization on Resource Constrained Vehicles

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Authors Huan Yin, Yue Wang, Li Tang, X. Ding, Shoudong Huang, R. Xiong
Journal/Conference Name I
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Paper Abstract Large scale 3D maps constructed via LiDAR sensor are widely used on intelligent vehicles for localization in outdoor scenes. However, loading, communication and processing of the original dense maps are time consuming for onboard computing platform, which calls for a more concise representation of maps to reduce the complexity but keep the performance of localization. In this paper, we propose a teacher-student learning paradigm to compress the 3D point cloud map. Specifically, we first find a subset of LiDAR points with high number of observations to preserve the localization performance, which is regarded as the teacher of map compression. An efficient optimization strategy is proposed to deal with the massive data in original map. With the supervision of compressed map, a student model is built by training a random forest model fed with geometric feature descriptors of each point. As a result, the student model is able to compress the map without referring to the expensive numerical optimization. Additionally, by incorporating the features, the innovative student model can be generalized to other new maps while no re-training is required. We conduct thorough experiments on multi-session dataset and KITTI dataset to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed learning paradigm, and the comparison with other map compression methods. The final results show that the learned student model can achieve efficient map compression with comparable LiDAR based localization performance to the original map at the same time.
Date of publication 2021
Code Programming Language MATLAB
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