Can Deep Reinforcement Learning Solve Erdos-Selfridge-Spencer Games?

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Authors Maithra Raghu, Quoc V. Le, Jon Kleinberg, Robert Kleinberg, Alex Irpan, Jacob Andreas
Journal/Conference Name ICML 2018 7
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Deep reinforcement learning has achieved many recent successes, but our understanding of its strengths and limitations is hampered by the lack of rich environments in which we can fully characterize optimal behavior, and correspondingly diagnose individual actions against such a characterization. Here we consider a family of combinatorial games, arising from work of Erdos, Selfridge, and Spencer, and we propose their use as environments for evaluating and comparing different approaches to reinforcement learning. These games have a number of appealing features: they are challenging for current learning approaches, but they form (i) a low-dimensional, simply parametrized environment where (ii) there is a linear closed form solution for optimal behavior from any state, and (iii) the difficulty of the game can be tuned by changing environment parameters in an interpretable way. We use these Erdos-Selfridge-Spencer games not only to compare different algorithms, but test for generalization, make comparisons to supervised learning, analyse multiagent play, and even develop a self play algorithm. Code can be found at: https://github.com/rubai5/ESS_Game
Date of publication 2017
Code Programming Language Unspecified
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