Channel feedback codebook design for millimeter-wave massive MIMO systems relying on lens antenna array

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Authors Wenqian Shen, Linglong Dai, Yue Li, Zhaocheng Wang, Lajos Hanzo Hanzo
Journal/Conference Name IEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Paper Category
Paper Abstract The recently proposed millimeter-wave (mmWave) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system relying on a lens antenna array (LAA) significantly reduces the number of radio frequency chains using beam selection. A high data rate can be achieved based on the reduced-dimensional equivalent channel after beam selection. In frequency division duplexing systems, the equivalent channel has to be fed back to the base station (BS) via a feedback channel based on a codebook. However, no dedicated codebook has been proposed for LAA-aided mmWave systems. To fill this gap, in this letter, we propose a reduced-dimensional subspace codebook (RDSC) for such systems. Specifically, under the recently proposed concept of angle coherence time, we first generate the large-dimensional vectors in the channel subspace, which is determined by the angles-of-departure of the dominant paths. Then, based on these vectors in the channel subspace, we create the RDSC by considering both the lens and the beam selector. Finally, the equivalent channel is quantized using the proposed RDSC and fed back to the BS. Finally, we carry out mathematical performance analysis of the proposed RDSC and show that its feedback overhead is rendered proportional to the relatively small number of dominant paths per user. The analytical results are verified by our simulations.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language MATLAB
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