Does Intolerance Dampen Dissent? Macro-Tolerance and Protest in American Metropolitan Areas

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Authors Christopher Claassen, James L. Gibson
Journal/Conference Name POLITICAL BEHAVIOR
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Political tolerance has long been regarded as one of the most important democratic values because intolerant political cultures are believed to foster conformity and inhibit dissent. Although widely endorsed, this theory has rarely been investigated. Using multilevel regression with poststratification to measure levels of macro-tolerance in U.S. metropolitan areas, and event data to measure rates of protest, we test whether cultures of intolerance do indeed inhibit public expressions of dissent. We find that they do: levels of macro-tolerance are positively and strongly associated with higher rates of protest in American metropolitan areas. Our findings have implications for the study of political tolerance, for normative theories of free speech and other civil liberties, and for scholarship on protest and collective action.
Date of publication 2019
Code Programming Language R

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