Kernel Adaptive Metropolis-Hastings

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Authors Heiko Strathmann, Dino Sejdinovic, Arthur Gretton, Maria Lomeli Garcia, Christophe Andrieu
Journal/Conference Name 31st International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2014
Paper Category
Paper Abstract A Kernel Adaptive Metropolis-Hastings algorithm is introduced, for the purpose of sampling from a target distribution with strongly nonlinear support. The algorithm embeds the trajectory of the Markov chain into a reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS), such that the feature space covariance of the samples informs the choice of proposal. The procedure is computationally efficient and straightforward to implement, since the RKHS moves can be integrated out analytically our proposal distribution in the original space is a normal distribution whose mean and covariance depend on where the current sample lies in the support of the target distribution, and adapts to its local covariance structure. Furthermore, the procedure requires neither gradients nor any other higher order information about the target, making it particularly attractive for contexts such as Pseudo-Marginal MCMC. Kernel Adaptive Metropolis-Hastings outperforms competing fixed and adaptive samplers on multivariate, highly nonlinear target distributions, arising in both real-world and synthetic examples. Code may be downloaded at https//github.com/karlnapf/kameleon-mcmc.
Date of publication 2013
Code Programming Language Python
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