Massive MIMO channel estimation based on block iterative support detection

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Authors Wenqian Shen, Linglong Dai, Yi Shi, Zhen Gao, Zhaocheng Wang
Journal/Conference Name IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking…
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Massive MIMO has become a promising key technology for future 5G wireless communications to increase the channel capacity and link reliability. However, with greatly increased number of transmit antennas at the base station (BS) in massive MIMO systems, the pilot overhead for accurate acquisition of channel state information (CSI) will be prohibitively high. To address this issue, we propose a block iterative support detection (block-ISD) based algorithm for channel estimation to reduce the pilot overhead. The proposed block-ISD algorithm fully exploits the block sparsity inherent in the block-sparse equivalent channel impulse response (CIR) generated by considering the spatial correlations of MIMO channels. Furthermore, unlike conventional greedy compressive sensing (CS) algorithms that rely on prior knowledge of the channel sparsity level, block-ISD relaxes this demanding requirement and is thus more practically appealing. Simulation results demonstrate that block-ISD yields better normalized mean square error (NMSE) performance than classical CS algorithms, and achieve a reduction of 87.5% pilot overhead than conventional channel estimation techniques.
Date of publication 2016
Code Programming Language MATLAB
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