Mobility-Aware Caching in D2D Networks

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Authors Rui Wang, Jun Zhang, S.H. Song and Khaled B. Letaief
Journal/Conference Name IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communication
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Caching at mobile devices can facilitate device-to-device (D2D) communications, which may significantly improve spectrum efficiency and alleviate the heavy burden on backhaul links. However, most previous works ignored user mobility, thus having limited practical applications. In this paper, we take advantage of the user mobility pattern by the inter-contact times between different users, and propose a mobility-aware caching placement strategy to maximize the data offloading ratio, which is defined as the percentage of the requested data that can be delivered via D2D links rather than through base stations (BSs). Given the NP-hard caching placement problem, we first propose an optimal dynamic programming (DP) algorithm to obtain a performance benchmark, but with much lower complexity than exhaustive search. We will then prove that the problem falls in the category of monotone submodular maximization over a matroid constraint, and propose a time-efficient greedy algorithm, which achieves an approximation ratio as 1/2. Simulation results with real-life data-sets will validate the effectiveness of our proposed mobility-aware caching placement strategy. We observe that users moving at either a very low or very high speed should cache the most popular files, while users moving at a medium speed should cache less popular files to avoid duplication.
Date of publication 2017
Code Programming Language MATLAB
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