Numero: a statistical framework to define multivariable subgroups in complex population-based datasets

View Researcher's Other Codes

Disclaimer: The provided code links for this paper are external links. Science Nest has no responsibility for the accuracy, legality or content of these links. Also, by downloading this code(s), you agree to comply with the terms of use as set out by the author(s) of the code(s).

Authors Song Gao, Stefan Mutter, Aaron E Casey, Ville-Petteri Mäkinen
Journal/Conference Name International journal of epidemiology
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Large-scale epidemiological and population data provide opportunities to identify subgroups of people who are at risk of disease or exposed to adverse environments. Clustering algorithms are popular data-driven tools to identify these subgroups; however, relying exclusively on algorithms may not produce the best results if the dataset does not have a clustered structure. For this reason, we propose a framework (the R-library Numero) that combines the self-organizing map algorithm, permutation analysis for statistical evidence and a final expert-driven subgrouping step. We used Numero to define subgroups in two examples without an obvious clustering structure: a biomedical dataset of kidney disease and another dataset of community-level socioeconomic indicators. We benchmarked the Numero subgroupings against popular clustering algorithms (principal components, K-means and hierarchical clustering). The Numero subgroupings were more intuitive and easier to interpret without losing mathematical quality. Therefore, we expect Numero to be useful for exploratory analyses of population-based epidemiological datasets.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language R
Comment

Copyright Researcher 2021