Prediction of spatio-temporal patterns of neural activity from pairwise correlations

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Authors O. Marre, S. El Boustani, Y. Fr├ęgnac, A. Destexhe
Journal/Conference Name Physical Review Letters
Paper Category
Paper Abstract We designed a model-based analysis to predict the occurrence of population patterns in distributed spiking activity. Using a maximum entropy principle with a Markovian assumption, we obtain a model that accounts for both spatial and temporal pairwise correlations among neurons. This model is tested on data generated with a Glauber spin-glass system and is shown to correctly predict the occurrence probabilities of spatio-temporal patterns significantly better than Ising models taking into account only pairwise correlations. This increase of predictability was also observed on experimental data recorded in parietal cortex during slow-wave sleep. This approach can also be used to generate surrogates that reproduce the spatial and temporal correlations of a given data set.
Date of publication 2009
Code Programming Language MATLAB

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