Quantile regression neural networks: implementation in R and application to precipitation downscaling

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Authors Alex J. Cannon
Journal/Conference Name Computers & Geosciences
Paper Category
Paper Abstract The qrnn package for R implements the quantile regression neural network, which is an artificial neural network extension of linear quantile regression. The model formulation follows from previous work on the estimation of censored regression quantiles. The result is a nonparametric, nonlinear model suitable for making probabilistic predictions of mixed discrete-continuous variables like precipitation amounts, wind speeds, or pollutant concentrations, as well as continuous variables. A differentiable approximation to the quantile regression error function is adopted so that gradient-based optimization algorithms can be used to estimate model parameters. Weight penalty and bootstrap aggregation methods are used to avoid overfitting. For convenience, functions for quantile-based probability density, cumulative distribution, and inverse cumulative distribution functions are also provided. Package functions are demonstrated on a simple precipitation downscaling task.
Date of publication 2011
Code Programming Language R
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