Separable reversible data hiding in encrypted JPEG bitstreams

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Authors Zhenxing Qian, Hang Zhou, Xinpeng Zhang, Weiming Zhang
Journal/Conference Name I
Paper Category
Paper Abstract While most techniques of reversible data hiding in encrypted images (RDH-EI) are developed for uncompressed images, this paper provides a separable reversible data hiding protocol for encrypted JPEG bitstreams. We first propose a JPEG encryption algorithm, which enciphers an image to a smaller size and keeps the format compliant to JPEG decoder. After a content owner uploads the encrypted JPEG bitstream to a remote server, a data hider embeds an additional message into the encrypted copy without changing the bitstream size. On the recipient side, the original bitstream can be reconstructed losslessly using an iterative recovery algorithm based on the blocking artifact. Since message extraction and image recovery are separable, anyone who has the embedding key can extract the message from the marked encrypted copy. Experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms a previous work in terms of separation capability, embedding capacity and security.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language Matlab
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