The composition of Standard Seawater and the definition of the Reference-Composition Salinity Scale

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Authors Frank J. Millero, Rainer Feistel, Daniel G. Wright, Trevor J. McDougall
Journal/Conference Name Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Fundamental determinations of the physical properties of seawater have previously been made for Atlantic surface waters, referred to as “Standard Seawater”. In this paper a Reference Composition consisting of the major components of Atlantic surface seawater is determined using these earlier analytical measurements. The stoichiometry of sea salt introduced here is thus based on the most accurate prior determination of the composition, adjusted to achieve charge balance and making use of the 2005 atomic weights. Reference Seawater is defined as any seawater that has the Reference Composition and a new Reference-Composition Salinity SR is defined to provide the best available estimate of the Absolute Salinity of both Reference Seawater and the Standard Seawater that was used in the measurements of the physical properties. From a practical point of view, the value of SR can be related to the Practical Salinity S by . Reference Seawater that has been “normalized” to a Practical Salinity of 35 has a Reference-Composition Salinity of exactly SR=35.16504 g kg−1.
Date of publication 2007
Code Programming Language C++

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