The Effect of Elections on Postconflict Peace and Reconstruction

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Authors Thomas Edward Flores, Irfan Nooruddin
Journal/Conference Name THE JOURNAL OF POLITICS
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Elections are the centerpiece of efforts to rehabilitate countries devastated by civil conflict, and they are held increasingly often and early. We argue that the inability of postconflict politicians to commit credibly to respect peace and democracy implies that elections will inflame tensions unless countries have previous democratic experience or elections are delayed to allow for institution building. We test this theoretical framework with a statistical model of economic recovery and conflict recurrence. We show that early elections, particularly in new democracies, hasten recurrence; delaying elections two years in new democracies or one year in more established democracies can help forestall renewed violence.
Date of publication 2012
Code Programming Language R
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