The Who, When, and Where of Executive Nominations: Integrating Agency Independence and Appointee Ideology

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Authors Gary E. Hollibaugh, Lawrence S. Rothenberg
Paper Category
Paper Abstract In recent years, scholars have expended considerable efforts to understand the executive appointment process and the factors influencing the choices made by the President and the Senate. However, some factors integral to theoretical models have not been well-integrated empirically, and other relevant factors have not been incorporated much at all. Here, we focus on one determinant corresponding to the former critique — nominee ideology — and another corresponding to the latter — agency independence (e.g., the degree of ex post control by elected officials). We develop several theoretically-driven hypotheses regarding who gets nominated, as well as if and when they are eventually confirmed. Results show that nominee ideology and agency independence (as well as agency ideology) matter a great deal. We show that not only does nominee ideology factor into Presidential strategic choices and Senatorial responses, but how these dynamics play out is conditioned by the type of agency and position in question.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language R

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