Transfer Learning for Brain Tumor Segmentation

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Authors Marcelo Ladeira, José Eduardo Vaz Nascimento, Jonas Wacker
Journal/Conference Name arXiv preprint
Paper Category
Paper Abstract Gliomas are the most common malignant brain tumors that are treated with chemoradiotherapy and surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is used by radiotherapists to manually segment brain lesions and to observe their development throughout the therapy. The manual image segmentation process is time-consuming and results tend to vary among different human raters. Therefore, there is a substantial demand for automatic image segmentation algorithms that produce a reliable and accurate segmentation of various brain tissue types. Recent advances in deep learning have led to convolutional neural network architectures that excel at various visual recognition tasks. They have been successfully applied to the medical context including medical image segmentation. In particular, fully convolutional networks (FCNs) such as the U-Net produce state-of-the-art results in the automatic segmentation of brain tumors. MRI brain scans are volumetric and exist in various co-registered modalities that serve as input channels for these FCN architectures. Training algorithms for brain tumor segmentation on this complex input requires large amounts of computational resources and is prone to overfitting. In this work, we construct FCNs with pretrained convolutional encoders. We show that we can stabilize the training process this way and produce more robust predictions. We evaluate our methods on publicly available data as well as on a privately acquired clinical dataset. We also show that the impact of pretraining is even higher for predictions on the clinical data.
Date of publication 2019
Code Programming Language Jupyter Notebook
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