Understanding Deep Architectures by Visual Summaries

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Authors Maedeh Aghaei, Marco Carletti, Francesco Giuliari, Marco Godi, Marco Cristani
Journal/Conference Name British Machine Vision Conference 2018, BMVC 2018
Paper Category
Paper Abstract In deep learning, visualization techniques extract the salient patterns exploited by deep networks for image classification, focusing on single images; no effort has been spent in investigating whether these patterns are systematically related to precise semantic entities over multiple images belonging to a same class, thus failing to capture the very understanding of the image class the network has realized. This paper goes in this direction, presenting a visualization framework which produces a group of clusters or summaries, each one formed by crisp salient image regions focusing on a particular part that the network has exploited with high regularity to decide for a given class. The approach is based on a sparse optimization step providing sharp image saliency masks that are clustered together by means of a semantic flow similarity measure. The summaries communicate clearly what a network has exploited of a particular image class, and this is proved through automatic image tagging and with a user study. Beyond the deep network understanding, summaries are also useful for many quantitative reasons their number is correlated with ability of a network to classify (more summaries, better performances), and they can be used to improve the classification accuracy of a network through summary-driven specializations.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language Multiple
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