Weighted graph coloring based pilot decontamination for multi-cell massive MIMO systems

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Authors Xudong Zhu, Linglong Dai, Zhaocheng Wang, Xiaodong Wang
Journal/Conference Name IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Paper Category
Paper Abstract A multicell massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, which utilizes a large number of base-station antennas to simultaneously serve a set of users, suffers from pilot contamination (PC) due to unavoidable reuse of pilots in adjacent cells. In this paper, a weighted-graph-coloring-based pilot decontamination (WGC-PD) scheme is proposed to mitigate PC for multicell massive MIMO systems. Specifically, based on limited cooperation among cells, an edge-weighted interference graph (EWIG) is first constructed to depict the potential PC relationship among users, whereby two users in different cells are connected by a weighted edge, indicating the strength of potential PC when they reuse the same pilot. Then, inspired by classical graph coloring algorithms, we develop the WGC-PD scheme by denoting each color as a pilot and each vertex as a user in the EWIG, which is able to mitigate PC by assigning different pilots to connected users with a large weight in a greedy way with insufficient pilot resource. Compared with exhaustive search among numerous pilot assignment solutions, the proposed WGC-PD scheme is able to mitigate PC with significantly reduced complexity, which is verified by numerical results.
Date of publication 2017
Code Programming Language MATLAB
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